HIV and AIDS-its facts, myths and realities you need to know

HIV/AIDS  Facts ,Myths and realities

HIV/AIDS and for that matter HIV is an abbreviation of  (human immunodeficiency virus) which  infects cells of your body’s immune system.

Infection,however  results effects or the progression deterioration of the immune system, breaking down the body’s ability to fight off some infections and other diseases.


On the other hand, AIDS is also an abbreviated word,the full meaning is  (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) refers to the most advanced stages of HIV infection, defined by the occurrence of any of more than 20 opportunistic infections or related cancers


HIV can however be transmitted through ;

  • unprotected sexual intercourse (either through the vagina or anal) or oral sex with an infected person;
  • transfusions or transmitting of contaminated blood;
  •  sharing of contaminated needles, syringes or other sharp instruments;
  • transmission between a mother and her baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.
HIV can be transmitted through: Blood Transfusion
HIV can be transmitted through blood transfusion/organ transplant


HIV transmitting through: Injection, drug use, occupational exposure
HIV can be transmitted through pregnancy,childbirth and breastfeeding and or occupational hazard


HIV can be transmitted through: Sexual intercourse, pregnancy, childbirth, and breast feeding.
HIV can be transmitted through: Sexual intercourse and drug injection use



Through these ways , you can prevent HIV/AIDS transmission , follow them and you will be safe

  • make sure  that any blood or blood products that you might need are tested for HIV.
  • make sure to get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV;
  • practice safe sexual behaviors such as using condoms;
  • ensure that any blood or blood products that you might need are tested for HIV.

HIV/AIDS can not be spread through the following;

  • drinking water from fountains
  • Saliva,tears ,sweats
  • Toilet seats
  • Insects bites , including mosquitoes or ticks
  • Air or water
  • Casual contact, like shaking hands, hugging or sharing dishes/drinking glasses


Myth about HIV/AIDS

Myth : Curing HIV/AIDS

However, there is no cure for HIV at this time.There have been  great strides in HIV to get a cure. With today’s medicine, people can limit the viral load (amount of HIV infections in the blood) to the point it cant be  detected. Thus ,having an undetectable viral load will however, helps prevent AIDS and other infections.


Research is being done all the time that may lead to new treatments and new ways of preventing HIV infection. People who have HIV also have families and relationships that bring them great joy. Many people still work, despite their illness. In short, people are living full lives with HIV and AIDS, but there is no cure yet, hope there will be.

Recent advances in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), people with HIV-positive can now live longer and healthier lives. Also, it has been confirmed that ART prevents onward transmission of HIV.


Myth: I can see HIV on people faces or as much as  person the person is lean and gets sick very often ,then the person is HIV positive.

10 years on  for symptoms of HIV might not show up. This is called the latency period. There may be a long period of time where someone has HIV but has no signs. The only way to fully protect yourself from sexually-transmitted HIV is to not have sex of any kind. Using a male condom correctly and every time you have sex may reduce the risk of passing HIV by 80 percent.

Myth: If I am HIV-positive, and I get pregnant,  the disease might to my unborn baby.


A woman who knows about her HIV infection early in pregnancy and is treated has about a 2 percent chance of having a baby with HIV. Without treatment, this risk is about 25 percent in the United States. All pregnant women should be tested for HIV. A woman with HIV in the United States should not breastfeed her baby because that is another way to pass the virus. There are other ways to prevent HIV in your kids.

READ : A three Minutes Workout that Burns Belly Fat


Myth: Both my partner and I have HIV. We don’t need to use a condom.

This is not true. You still need to practice safer sex. Keep in mind, there are different strains (types) of HIV. Even if you have HIV, you can be infected with a different type from what you already have. You could become infected with drug-resistant strains of HIV. This can make it very hard for treatment to work.

Make sure to use a condom anytime you want to have sex

Get Ghana Latest News in your inbox each morning.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.